VISTAS Client Characteristics and Needs

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

Sand Tray Therapy and the Healing Process in Trauma and Grief Counseling

Jane Webber and J. Barry Mascari


Sand tray therapy is increasingly recognized as an effective therapeutic tool in trauma and grief counseling. Sand tray’s roots can be traced back to H.G. Wells who noticed that his sons worked through their problems as they played with miniature toy figures. Historically, sand tray has been an effective technique used in the healing process in Europe, Japan, and the United States. The tactile, nonverbal experience promotes awareness of deeply personal emotional issues within a safe, therapeutic environment.

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