VISTAS Client Characteristics and Needs

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

Courage and Hope as Factors for Client Change: Important Cultural Implications and Spiritual Considerations

Mark Blagen and Julia Yang


In the recent development of positive psychology and in the integration of spirituality and psychology, courage and hope, along with other characteristics, are discussed as virtues, a state of mind, attitudes, emotions, strengths, or actions. In this article the authors present courage and hope as psychological constructs, cultural values, as well as spiritual gifts. This article concludes with practical implications of how counselors may engage the client in developing the characteristics of courage and hope.

PDF, 244.80 KB

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