VISTAS Client Characteristics and Needs

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

Gay–Straight Alliances Impact on School Climate and Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, or Transgender Student Well-Being

Elizabeth Deming, Katie Soule, Nicole Poulsen, and Tony Walker


A literature review of Gay–Straight Alliances (GSAs) and their impacts on student perceptions of safety and well-being in school is presented. The authors also examine how schools with active GSAs feel and function and how the school culture compares to schools without GSAs. Research suggests that the presence of GSAs in schools leads to both short- and long-term benefits to students, for both lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) students and their heterosexual allies. Though GSAs face legal barriers in school settings, this review outlines benefits in detail and conveys that literature promotes the continued support and creation of Gay–Straight Alliances in schools.

Keywords: gay–straight alliance, GSA, LGBT adolescents, LGBT issues in schools

PDF, 331.95 KB

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