VISTAS Counseling Children and Adolescents

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

InSpire Guidance-Based Martial Arts Program: A Self-Esteem Intervention for At-Risk Elementary and Middle School Students

Christine Abrahams


The InSpire Program was implemented in a Grades 4–12 alternative school in Pennsylvania with a population of at-risk students who engage in violence and who have been the subject of bullying. InSpire stands for the main tenets and student goals of the program: integrating self-control, perseverance, integrity, responsibility and excellence. To achieve these objectives, students were given alternative methods to conceptualize conflict, express differences, and solve problems. The InSpire Program provides students with access to the language of nonviolent confrontation as well as enabling them to view conflict as a process with multiple potential outcomes. This type of instruction can result in better adaptation to conflict and the development of more socially acceptable ways of expressing and solving differences

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