VISTAS Counseling Children and Adolescents

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

Motivational Enhancement Therapy: An Effective Approach for Counseling Unmotivated Adolescents

Glenn W. Lambie and Shari Sias


Many adolescents whom counselors regularly counsel are ambivalent and unmotivated to behavioral change. Adolescents are frequently sent for services not of their own volition, but rather by a concerned parent/ guardian or other adult. Many of the traditional counseling theories and approaches were developed for motivated adults. Additionally, research has indicated that when most people begin counseling they are not ready to take action to change (Isenhart, 1994), although the majority of counseling models are constructed for working with clients who are ready to take action to change (Prochaska, DiClemente, & Norcross, 1992).

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