VISTAS Career Counseling and Development

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

The Personal is Political: Using Feminist Theory as a Model of Career and Employment Counseling

Joanne Jodry and Kathleen Armstrong


Egalitarian principles, recognition of oppressive systems, gender roles, and other core beliefs of feminist theory hold many implications for the career and employment disciplines of professional counseling. Feminist counseling theory sees all people as equal and is based in advocacy for social justice, advocacy within oppressive social environments, and the recognition of privilege and oppression based on patriarchal norms of most societies. “Feminist consciousness also includes a commitment to ending all forms of domination, oppression, and privilege that intersect with sexism and gender bias, including (but not limited to) racism, classism, colonialism, heterosexism, ethnocentrism, white supremacy, ageism, and ableism” (Enns, 2004, p. 8).

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