VISTAS Career Counseling and Development

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

International Perspectives on Depression in the Workplace

Andrew A. Cox, Kathryn Ness, and Robert F. Carlson


Depression is a common global mental health condition. Depression is an “illness that involves the body, mood, and thoughts” (National Institute of Mental Health, 2007a). Depressive disorders consist of a number of related conditions as described later within this paper. In the United States, it is estimated that approximately one out of every two American families will have a family member suffering from depression at some point in the developmental life cycle (Goldberg & Steury, 2001; National Institute of Mental Health, 2007a). Approximately 5 to 10% of the United States population suffers from depression at any given time. As many as 20% of U.S. adults will experience depressive symptoms with a lifetime incidence of depression estimated at 20 to 55 % of American adults (McClanahan & Antonuccio, 2004). It is thought that the approximately 30,000 suicides per year are likely associated with depression (Greenberg, Stiglin, Finkelstein, & Berndt, 1993).

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