VISTAS Career Counseling and Development

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

Depression in the Workplace

Andrew A. Cox, M. Kathryn Ness, and Robert F. Carlson


Depression is a common mental health condition in the United States. Depression affects approximately 10 million to 17.5 million United States employees (Johnson & Indvik, 1997b; Shoor, 1994). Experts estimate that approximately one out of every two American families will have some member suffering from depression at some point in the developmental life cycle (Goldberg & Steury, 2001; Johnson & Indvik, 1997a, 1997b, 1997c; National Institute of Mental Health, 2007). It is estimated that 5 to 10% of the population suffer from depression at any given time. In addition, it is postulated that there are approximately 30,000 suicides per year which are likely associated with depression (Greenberg, Stiglin, Finkelstein, & Berndt, 1993).

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