VISTAS Assessment, Evaluation, Accountability and Research in Counseling

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

The Impact of Child Sexual Abuse on Parenting: A Female Perspective

Karen A. Duncan,


Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is a significant family health risk for women and their children due to the intergenerational aspect of this trauma and the immediate and long-term disruption it can cause in the mother-child relationship (Duncan, 2004). Studies
reviewed from the past 20 years estimated that one in three women are reported to have been sexually abused as children (Duncan, 2004). These estimates translate into 25.4 million women between the ages of 20 to 59 who have experienced childhood sexual abuse (U.S.Census Bureau, 2000). Polusny and Follette (1995) reported that 35% to 75% of females seeking mental health services report some form of childhood sexual abuse trauma (CSAT). In addition, women frequently report multiple childhood sexual abuse traumas by different perpetrators that lead to future pathways of violence spanning a woman’s lifetime and that of her children (Duncan, 2004).

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