VISTAS Assessment, Evaluation, Accountability and Research in Counseling

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

Pharmacological Treatment of Childhood and Adolescent Depression: What School Counselors and School Psychologists Need to Know

Carrie Lynn Bailey


The National Institute of Mental Health (1999) has reported that as many as 3% of all children and 8% of all adolescents in the United States are classified as clinically depressed. School counselors, as the first line of mental health resource personnel in our public schools, can and should play a very active role in assisting these students (Evans, Van Velsor, & Schumacher, 2002). Students experiencing more severe clinical forms of depression are beyond the province of school counselors and are better served by specialized professionals such as psychiatrists and physicians (Abrams, Theberge & Karan, 2005). School counselors can work collaboratively with these clinicians to best meet the needs of these students.

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