VISTAS Assessment, Evaluation, Accountability and Research in Counseling

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

Measuring Interpersonal Components of Student Persistence in the Freshman Year

Cheri Tillman and J .Maxwell Jackson


Student persistence to graduation is a major area of concern for colleges and universities (Henscheid, 2000; Herndon, 1984; Pascarella & Terenzini, 1983). Most college officials do not know why their students are leaving higher education (Cope & Hannah, 1975) or understand the contributing process (Tinto, 1975). Approximately 65% of high school graduates enroll in a college or university (Henscheid, 2000). One third to one half of the colleges and universities admit over 90% of their applicants, and the dropout rates from the freshman to sophomore year of school are one third to one half (Moreno, 1998; Tinto, 1987, 1993). Four out of every 10 students who enter a higher education institution in the United States will graduate in 4 years (Moreno, 1998; Pantages & Creedon, 1978). Approximately 75% of the students who leave their first higher education institution will never receive a college degree (Cuseo, 1991).

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