VISTAS Assessment, Evaluation, Accountability and Research in Counseling

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

Introducing the Accountability Bridge Model: a Program Evaluation Framework for School Counselors

J. Kelly Coker, Randall L. Astramovich, and Wendy J. Hoskins


In 2001, the No Child Left Behind Act was passed which emphasized student testing and teacher effectiveness (U. S. Department of Education, 2001). This movement in education reform paved the way for the American School Counselor Association (ASCA) to develop a new framework which included an emphasis on accountability in school counseling (ASCA, 2003). Both of these endeavors have created increased pressures on school counselors to be able to demonstrate the effectiveness of their school counseling programs and their impact on student achievement.

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