VISTAS Assessment, Evaluation, Accountability and Research in Counseling

VISTAS Online is an innovative publication produced for ACA by Dr. Garry R. Walz and Dr. Jeanne C. Bleuer of Counseling Outfitters, LLC. Its purpose is to provide a means of capturing the ideas, information and experiences generated by the annual ACA Conference and selected ACA Division Conferences. Papers on a program or practice that has been validated through research or experience may also be submitted. This digital collection of peer-reviewed articles is authored by counselors, for counselors. VISTAS Online contains the full text of over 900 proprietary counseling articles published from 2004 to 2017.

Individuation Attachment Relationships Mediating Between Overall Family Boundaries and Drive for Thinness and Bulimia Behaviors Reported by College Females

Linda M. Perosa, Sandra L. Perosa, and Richard L. Einsporn


One hundred twenty–four college females completed measures of overall family enmeshed/disengaged boundaries, attachment to parents, autonomy from parents, differentiation from peers, and thinness and bulimia behaviors. Bootstrapping results for multiple mediators highlighted the specific indirect paths that the attachment/individuation process has in the relationship between an overall enmeshed/disengaged structural family boundary and excessive worries about thinness and bulimia. Attachment with parents had strong unique indirect effects for concerns about thinness. The unique influence of connection with parents was balanced with the unique influence of feelings of autonomy from parents in the indirect path for bulimia.

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