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The American Counseling Association (ACA) is a not-for-profit, professional and educational organization dedicated to the growth and advancement of the counseling profession. Founded in 1952, ACA is the world's largest association exclusively representing professional counselors in various practice settings.
Our Mission: To enhance the quality of life in society by promoting the development of professional counselors, advancing the counseling profession, and using the profession and practice of counseling to promote respect for human dignity and diversity.
ACA is on:
Facebook (American Counseling Association)
LinkedIn (American Counseling Association)
Counseling Today, the award-winning monthly magazine of ACA, is on:
Facebook (Counseling Today)
10 Things to Know About Counselors and Counseling
1. Professional counseling is a therapeutic relationship that empowers diverse individuals, families, and groups to accomplish mental health, wellness, education, and career goals.
2. Common specialties within professional counseling include mental health counseling, school counseling, career counseling, addictions counseling, and couples and family counseling.
3. Many counselors are specifically trained to support individuals or groups in the aftermath of natural or man-made disasters.
4. Professional counselors abide by ACA’s Code of Ethics.
5. Professional counselors can diagnose and/or treat mental health disorders.
6. Counselors do not prescribe medications.
7. School counselors must be certified/licensed by a state education department to work in a public school.
8. Counselors working in mental health settings (mental health centers, college counseling centers, hospitals, substance abuse centers, etc.) must be licensed in their state as a professional counselor.
9. Rehabilitation counselors typically must be Certified Rehabilitation Counselors, especially if they work in the traditional setting of a state Office for Vocational Rehabilitation.
10. The differences among counselors, psychologists, and psychiatrists can be summarized by differences in education and focus: Professional counselors have a graduate degree in counseling. A master's degree is the entry-level requirement. Counselors focus on client wellness, as opposed to psychopathology. Psychologists have a graduate degree in psychology, and licensed psychologists typically have a degree in clinical, counseling, or school psychology. Of all the mental health professions, psychologists are the best trained in conducting research. Psychiatrists are medical doctors who have usually completed a residency in psychiatry. Their niche is prescribing psychotropic drugs.
Facts and Figures about Mental Health and Professional Counseling
The U.S. Department of Health & Human Services publishes statistics on mental health in America here.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes employment statistics on mental health counselors here. School and career counselors here.
ACA publishes state-by-state counts of mental health professionals here.
to read past Latest News stories from ACA.
December Federal/State Update: Washington Was Busy But Punted on Funding the Government
| Dec 30, 2017
Tax Reform and Repeal of the ACA Individual Mandate Signed into Law
- President Trump signed tax reform legislation, which includes repeal of Obamacares individual mandate, into law. (See the blog for more info.)
Congress passed a Continuing Resolution (“the CR”) to keep the government running through January 19tlh, giving itself yet another extension on passing the bill to fund all the federal agencies through September, 2018.
- $2.85 billion to keep the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) funded through March 31
Authority for CMS to help states deal with CHIP-related funding shortfalls
- A four-week extension of spy powers under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Program
Money for community health centers and other health programs (made possible by a $750 million cut to the ACA Prevention and Public Health fund)
- A waiver to ensure that automatic cuts to mandatory spending programs doesn’t go into effect because of the cost of the tax bill.
Extra funding for some defense programs
Center for Disease Control (CDC) Releases Updated Mortality Rate Reports
- Topline Summary: U.S. life expectancy fell again for the second year in a row while opioid misuse is up
- CDC found drug overdoses killed 63,600 Americans in 2016, a 21 percent surge in overdoses. driven by a doubling in the rate of deaths from synthetic opioids like fentanyl report
- Where drug deaths are highest: West Virginia had the highest rate of drug overdose deaths last year, with 52 deaths per 100,000 people, followed by Ohio, New Hampshire, the District of Columbia and Pennsylvania, all of which reported nearly 40 deaths per 100,000 people.
ACA Open Enrollment Surges to Almost 9 Million Sign-Ups in Final Days
Law Enforcement Mental Health and Wellness Act -- Signed Into Law
- Sponsor: Rep. Susan W. Brooks (R-IN) / Sen. Joe Donnelly (D-IN)
SAMHSA Announces New Chief of Staff, Mary Fleming
- Mary Fleming has served as SAMHSA’s Director of the Office of Policy, Planning, and Innovation (OPPI) since 2013. Ms. Fleming later served as the Branch Chief of the National Liaison Branch within OPPI, which focused on special topics in behavioral health such as veterans and emergency response. Prior to joining SAMHSA, Ms. Fleming was the chief executive officer of Allegheny HealthChoices, Inc., where she was responsible for fiscal, clinical, and quality oversight and reporting for the Medicaid managed behavioral health care program. In previous positions, she helped manage federal, state, and county resources and was responsible for providing services for persons with mental illness and/or substance use disorders.
CMS Names New Head of CMS’ Innovation Center (CMMI)
- CMS named Adam Boehler, a California startup executive, as the new head of the CMS Innovation Center. CMMI would likely take a turn under Boehler's leadership. Republicans were sometimes frustrated by the perception that providers were being dragooned into novel value-based pay reimbursement strategies, and earlier this year the agency solicited comments on how it might contribute in the future.
Alexander-Murray Still Talking ACA Stabilization Deal
- Sen. Alexander (R-TN) and Sen. Murray (D-WA) said in separate interviews that they want to resume their bipartisan talks on a package to prop up Obamacare markets and that the legislation may expand.
- President Donald Trump called Alexander to "reaffirm his interest in a bipartisan health care bill and [to] get it done in January"
- Trump's backing could prove pivotal to getting the support of deeply skeptical House Republicans.
The Bipartisan 'Problem Solvers' To Announce Legislation to Help Stabilize Individual Markets
- This bipartisan House caucus announced a bill backed by 26 House members, including Reps. Tom Reed (R-N.Y.) and Rep. Josh Gottheimer (D-N.J.), although it has little chance of being brought to the floor in the near future.
The Bipartisan Market Stabilization and Innovation Act would fund Cost Sharing Reduction (CSR) payments, establish a 10-year $115 billion fund for states to stabilize the insurance marketplace; repeal the medical device tax; and narrow the employer mandate so that it only applies to businesses with more than 500 employees.
CMS Approves Five-Year Extension of Texas’ 1115 Medicaid waiver and an Unprecedented Ten-Year Extension of Mississippi’s 1115 Waiver
- CMS approved a $25 billion, five-year extension of a Medicaid waiver that has funneled nearly $37 billion to Texas hospitals since 2011.
- The $3.1 billion pool of money that state hospitals use to fund charity care will remain level for the first two years of the waiver, according to a letter from HHS to the state health commission. Starting in October 2019, CMS said it will "resize" that pool to more accurately reflect the hospitals' charity care
- Renews the waiver for the first ever 10 year extension of the Medicaid Section 1115 demonstration
- Allows MS to continue providing family planning services for people with income of up to 194% of the federal poverty level.
- The CMS said the 10-year extension is part of the agency's effort to give states greater flexibility in running their Medicaid programs, without having to ask the government for frequent approvals. Up to now, the agency typically granted Section 1115 waivers, which are supposed to be budget-neutral for the federal government, for five-year periods.
- The waiver program offers benefits for family planning and related services for low-income women and men ages 13 through 44 who are not enrolled in Medicaid, Medicare, the Children's Health Insurance Program, or other qualifying health plans that include family planning services.
- Mississippi has not expanded Medicaid to people with incomes up to 138% of poverty. If it did, many of the waiver beneficiaries would be able to receive family planning along with comprehensive health benefits through the regular Medicaid program.
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Endorsed Scope of Practice for Professional Counseling
The independent practice of counseling encompasses the provision of professional counseling services to individuals, groups, families, couples and organizations through the application of accepted and established mental health counseling principles, methods, procedures and ethics.
Counseling promotes mental health wellness, which includes the achievement of social, career, and emotional development across the lifespan, as well as preventing and treating mental disorders and providing crisis intervention.
Counseling includes, but is not limited to, psychotherapy, diagnosis, evaluation; administration of assessments, tests and appraisals; referral; and the establishment of counseling plans for the treatment of individuals, couples, groups and families with emotional, mental, addiction and physical disorders.
Counseling encompasses consultation and program evaluation, program administration within and to schools and organizations, and training and supervision of interns, trainees, and pre-licensed professional counselors through accepted and established principles, methods, procedures, and ethics of counselor supervision.
The practice of counseling does not include functions or practices that are not within the professional’s training or education.